Data Share House
As highlighted within the infographic, the United States are the most prominent in Nobel prizes as they currently hold 263 Nobel laureates. Most of these prizes consist of physiology or medicine and Physics. Albert Einsteins efforts within theoretical physics has had a large impact due to his efforts within the ‘photoelectric law’ he produced in 1905, 16 years later this law was recognised and he went on to win the Nobel Prize in Physics. What has become peculiar though is that Einstein’s study on relativity was not recognised for a Nobel Prize, which he also came up with in 1905; but nevertheless he has predominately become an icon for his studies within Physics. We have seen 68 laureates win from the USA for physics; that’s 11 more wins than Germany, UK and Russia combined.
One of the most recent Nobel Winners that derived from the USA was none other than Bob Dylan; with his contribution to literature. They finally broke the tradition of novelists, and saw past the culture of ‘music’ to reflect what Bob Dylan has really expressed within his songs; fine poetry. With his contribution to the Nobel Prize within Literature, the USA have now had over 9 winners and account for 81.8% of all of North America. With strong statistics and consistency, the USA are globally ranked 1st with over 29.7% of all nobel laureates.
Interestingly, the UK are globally ranked 2nd for the amount of laureates receiving Nobel prizes. As the UK persistency remains within the top 8 for nearly all prizes (except from per capita)
The UK also has a strong foothold within the Europe region, ranking 1st with over 98 Nobel prizes and accounting for 20.2% in the whole of the EU.
The most highlighted prize for the UK is under physics, like the USA they have strong foundations of the subject and are held responsible for 26.9% of the Nobel Prizes within the EU. That is more than France and Russia combined. Germany managed 24 laureates and help make the EU stand at a staggering 53.9% for all awards given in Physics.
Continuing with Science based awards given to the UK, they have more laureates than France, Austria, Poland and Sweden converged; with 24 Nobel laureates in Chemistry. One of the most notable awards went to John Douglas Cockcroft in 1951. Sharing the award with Ernest Walton, they sourced the first helium atoms in a protocol accelerator. Developing the idea of nuclear power and resources, their work has been admired and given a new spectrum on nuclear fission for today.
One of the most highlighted rarities within the list is Spain, as it only ranks within the top 10 for Nobel Prizes in Literature. Holding account for 5 prizes, the writers illuminated more spectrum on the Spanish civil war through poetry and drama. Because of their influential literature, it holds account the same amount of Nobel Prizes as Poland and Russia with 4.4%.
If we look into the Africa and Middle East region, we can see they hold a very small percentage of Nobel Laureates; however even though they only hold 34 prizes, their dramatic increase since 1981 has given the nation more recognition. South Africa being awarded the most prizes within Peace between 1981-2000. In particular, Desmond Tutu and Nelson Mandela both receiving recognition and awards in the Peace category for their decades of work to help empower black movement and human rights. With Mandela the first to open a black legal firm in the country and South African president in a democratic society. Since then, they have not received any awards within the Peace category, but have obtained over 3 awards between 2001-2016 that ranks them 10th in the top countries.
The most dramatic increase has derived from the Asia-Pacific region, where they have gained momentum since 1961 and have continued to climb. Their largest percentage of awards coming between 2001-2016; where they have received over 27 prizes already. With this great statistic in mind, we can anticipate the Asia-Pacific region to continue to have a large effect on the Nobel Prizes.